Alfred Kaszniak

Alfred Kaszniak's picture
Real name: 
Emeritus Professor

 Ph.D. in clinical and developmental psychology from the University of Illinois in 1976, and internship in clinical neuropsychology at Rush Medical Center in Chicago.

Research Interests: 

Psychophysiology and neuroscience of long-term and short-term meditation; Contemplative pedagogy; Contemplative approaches to end-of-life-care.   

 As a retired emeritus professor in the Department of Psychology, I no longer teach courses, or maintain an active laboratory. I remain involved in some collaborative research and in various writing projects. I also devote professional service to several organizations and scientific journals, and serve as a teacher (Sensei) of Zen Buddhism, both locally and nationally.

Selected Publications: 

Davidson, R.J. & Kaszniak A. (in press). Conceptual and methodological issues in research on mindfulness and contemplative practice. American Psychologist. Back, A.L., Rushton, C.H., Kaszniak, A.W., & Halifax, J.S. (2015). Why are we doing this? Clinician helplessness in the face of suffering. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 18. 26-30. Kaszniak, A.W. (2014). Contemplative pedagogy: Perspectives from cognitive and affective science. In O. Gunnlaugson, E. Sarath, C. Scott & H. Bai (Eds.), Contemplative learning and inquiry across disciplines. New York: State University of New York Press. Kaszniak, A.W. (2014).Preface to Dialectical behavior therapy for wellness and recovery: Interventions and Activities for Diverse Client Needs (pp. ix-xi). by Andrew Bein, New York: Wiley. O’Connor, M.-F., Arizmendi, B., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2014). Virtually supportive: A Feasibility pilot study of an online support group for dementia caregivers in a 3D virtual environment. Journal of Aging Studies, 30, 87-93. Rushton, C.H., Kaszniak, A.W. & Halifax, J.S. (2013). A framework for understanding moral distress among the inter-professional team. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 16, 1074-1079. Rushton, C.H., Kaszniak, A.W. & Halifax, J.S., (2013). Addressing Moral Distress: Application of a framework to palliative care practice. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 16, 1080-1088. Kaszniak, A.W. & Kligman, E. (2013). Hospice care for patients with dementia. Arizona Geriatrics Society Journal, 18 (2), 23-24. Burns, C.M., Chen, K., Kaszniak, A.W., Lee, W., Alexander, G., Bandy, D., Fleisher, A., Caselli, R.J., & Reiman, E.R. (2013). Higher serum glucose levels are associated with cerebral hypometabolism in Alzheimer's regions. Neurology, 80, 1557-1564. Levy, D.M., Wobbrock, J.O., Kaszniak, A.W. and Ostergren, M. (2012). The effects of mindfulness meditation training on multitasking in a high-stress information environment. Proceedings of Graphics Interface (pp. 45-52). Toronto, Ontario (May 28-30, 2012). Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Information Processing Society. Kaszniak, A.W., & Menchola, M. (2012). Behavioral neuroscience of emotion in aging. Current Topics in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10, 51-66. O’Donnell, R.M., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2011). Charting late-life affective disorders. Generations: Journal of the American Society on Aging, 35(2), 46-57. Kaszniak, A.W. (2011). Meditation, mindfulness, cognition, and emotion: Implications for community-based older adult programs. In P. Hartman-Stein & A. LaRue(Eds.), Enhancing cognitive fitness in adults: A guide to the use and development of community programs. (pp. 85-106). New York: Springer. Levy, D.M., Wobbrock, J.O., Kaszniak, A.W. and Ostergren, M. (2011). Initial results from a study of the effects of meditation on multitasking performance. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2011 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 2011-2016. New York: ACM Press. Langbaum, J.B.S., Chen, K., Caselli, R.J., Lee, W., Reschke, C., Bandy, D., Alexander, G.E., Burns, C.M., Kaszniak, A.W., Reeder, S.A., Fleisher, A.S., & Reiman, E.M. (2010). Hypometabolism in Alzheimer-affected brain regions in cognitively healthy Latino individuals carrying the apolipoprotein E4 allele, Archives of Neurology, 67 462-468. Kaszniak, A.W., & Edmonds, E. (2010). Anosognosia and Alzheimer's disease: Behavioral studies. In G. Prigatano (Ed.), The study of anosognosia (pp., 189-228). New York: Oxford University Press. Drag, L.L., Glisky, E.L., Kaszniak, A.W., & Bieliauskas, L.A. (2009). Source memory and frontal functioning in Parkinson's disease. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 15, 399-406. Bondi, M., Salmon, D., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2009). The neuropsychology of dementia. In I. Grant, & K. Adams (Eds.), Neuropsychological Assessment of Neuropsychiatric & Neuromedical Disorders (pp. 159-198). New York: Oxford University Press. Griffin-Pierce, T., Silverberg, N., Jim, M., Connor, D., Jim, M., Peters, J., Kaszniak, A.W., & Sabbagh, M. (2008). Challenges to the recognition and assessment of dementia in American Indians of the Southwestern United States. Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association, 4, 291-299. Milman, L.H., Holland, A., Kaszniak, A.W., D'Agostino, J., Garrett, M., & Rapcsak, S.R. (2008). Initial validity and reliability of the SCCAN: Using tailored testing to assess adult cognition and communication. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 51, 49-69. Nielsen, L., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2007). Conceptual, theoretical, and methodological issues in inferring subjective emotional experience: Recommendations for researchers. In J.J.B. Allen & J. Coan (Eds.), The Handbook of Emotion Elicitation and Assessment(pp. 361-375). New York: Oxford University Press. Nielsen, L., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2006). Awareness of subtle emotional feelings: A comparison of long-term meditators and non-meditators. Emotion, 6, 392-405.  Quan, S.F., Wright, R., Baldwin, C.M., Kaemengk, K.L., Goodwin, J.L., Kuo, T.F., Kaszniak, A.W., Boland, L., Caccappolo, E., & Bootzin, R.R. (2006). Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea and neurocognitive functioning in the Sleep Heart Health Study. Sleep Medicine, 7, 498-507.  Burton, K., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2006). Emotional experience and facial muscle activity in Alzheimer's disease. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 13, 636-651. Pannu, J.K., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2005). Metamemory experiments in neurological populations: A review. Neuropsychology Review, 15, 105-130. Pannu, J.K., Kaszniak, A.W., & Rapcsak, S.Z. (2005). Metamemory for faces following frontal lobe damage.Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. 11, 668-676. Kristensen, C.H., Gauer, G., Giovenardi, M., Parente, M.A. deM.P., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2005). Avaliação neuropsicológica no transtorno de estresse pós-traumático. In R Caminha (Ed.), Transtornos do estresse pós-traumático(pp. 123-132). Sao Paulo: Casa do Psycólogo. Kristensen, C.H., Parente, M.A. deM.P., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2005). Transtorno de estresse pós-traumático: Critérios diagnósticos, prevalência e avaliação. In R Caminha (Ed.), Transtornos do estresse pós-traumático(pp. 15-35). Sao Paulo: Casa do Psycólogo. Schaie, K.W., Caskie, G.I.L., Revell, A.J., Willis, S.L., Kaszniak, A.W., & Teri, L. (2005). Extending neuropsychological assessments into the primary mental ability space. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 12, 245-277.  O'Connor, M.-F., Allen, J.J.B., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2005). Emotional disclosure for whom? A study of vagal tone in bereavement, Biological Psychology, 68, 135-146. Trujillo, L.T., Peterson, M.A., Kaszniak, A.W., & Allen, J.J.B. (2005). EEG phase synchrony differences across visual perception conditions may depend on recording and analysis methods. Clinical Neurophysiology, 116, 172-189 Reminger, S.L., Kaszniak, A.W., Labiner, D.M., Littrell, L.D., David, B.T., Ryan, L., Herring, A.M., & Kaemingk, K.L. (2004). Bilateral hippocampal volume predicts memory function in complex partial epilepsy, Epilepsy and Behavior, 5, 687-695. Schnyer, D.M., Verfaellie, M., Alexander, M.P., LaFleche, G., Nicholls, L., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2004). A role for right medial prefrontal cortex in accurate feeling of knowing judgments: Evidence from patients with lesions to frontal cortex. Neuropsychologia, 42, 957-966. Kaszniak, A.W. (2003). Anosognosia. In L. Nadel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of cognitive science(pp. 160-163). London: Macmillan. Keil, K., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2002). Examining executive function in individuals with brain injury: A review. Aphasiology, 16, 305-335. Laurance, H.E., Thomas, K.G.F., Newman, M., Kaszniak, A.W., Nadel, L., & Jacobs, W.J. (2002). Older adults map novel environments but do not place learn: Findings from a computerized spatial task. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 9, 85-97. O'Connor, M.-F., Allen, J.J.B., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2002). Autonomic and emotion regulation in bereavement and depression. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 52, 183-185.  Kaszniak, A.W. (2002). Dementia. In V.S. Ramachandran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the human brain(pp. 89-100). San Diego, CA: Elsevier Science (USA). Rapcsak, S.Z., Nielsen, L., Glisky, E.L., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2002). The neuropsychology of false facial recognition. In L.R. Squire & D.L. Schacter (Eds.), Neuropsychology of memory (3rd ed., pp. 130 - 142). New York: Guilford. Kaszniak, A.W. (2002). Neuropsychology. In D.J. Ekerdt, R. A. Applebaum, K. C. Holden, S. G. Post, K. Rockwood, R. Schulz, R. L. Sprott, & P. Uhlenberg (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Aging. New York: Macmillan Reference USA Rapcsak, S.Z., Nielsen, L., Littrell, L.D., Glisky, E.L., Kaszniak, A.W., & Laguna, J.F. (2001). Face memory impairments in patients with frontal lobe damage. Neurology, 57, 1168-1175. Newman, M.C., Allen, J.J.B., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2001). Tasks for assessing memory for temporal order versus memory for object in aging. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 8, 72-78. Kaszniak, A.W. (2001). Introduction: Psychological perspectives. In A.W. Kaszniak (Ed.), Emotion, qualia, and consciousness. (pp. 323-325). London: World Scientific. Kaszniak, A.W. (2001). Introduction: Biological perspectives. In A.W. Kaszniak (Ed.), Emotion, qualia, and consciousness. (pp. 103-105). London: World Scientific. Kaszniak, A.W. (2001). Introduction: Philosophical perspectives. In A.W. Kaszniak (Ed.), Emotion, qualia, and consciousness. (pp. 25-27). London: World Scientific. Kaszniak, A.W. (2001). Some future directions in the study of emotion and consciousness. In A.W. Kaszniak (Ed.), Emotion, qualia, and consciousness. (pp. 517-545). London: World Scientific. Kaszniak, A.W. (2001). Emotion and consciousness: Current research and controversies. In A.W. Kaszniak (Ed.), Emotion, qualia, and consciousness. (pp. 3-21). London: World Scientific. Montgomery, E.B., Koller, W.C., LaMantia, T.J.K., Newman, M.C., Swanson-Hyland, E., Kaszniak, A.W., & Lyons, K. (2000). Early detection of probable idiopathic Parkinson's diesase: I. Development of a diagnostic test battery. Movement Disorders, 15, 467-473. Reminger, S.L., Kaszniak, A.W., & Dalby, P (2000). Age-invariance in the asymmetry of stimulus-evoked emotional facial muscle activity. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 7, 156-168, Lane, R.D., Sechrest, L., Riedel, R., Shapiro, D.E., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2000). Pervasive emotion recognition deficit common to alexithymia and the repressive coping style. Psychosomatic Medicine, 62, 492-501. Manber, R., Allen, J.J.B., Burton, K., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2000). Valence-dependent modulation of psychophysiological measures: Is there consistency across repeated testing? Psychophysiology., 37, 683-692. Newman, M.C., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2000). Spatial memory and aging: Performance on a human analog of the Morris Water Maze Task. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 7, 86-93. Kaszniak, A.W., & Newman, M.C. (2000). Toward a neuropsychology of cognitive aging. In S.H. Qualls & N. Abeles (Eds), Psychology and the aging revolution: How we adapt to longer life (pp. 43-67). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Duke, L.M., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2000). Executive control functions in degenerative dementias: A comparative review. Neuropsychology Review, 10, 75-99. Rapcsak, S.Z., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2000). Searching for the neural correlates of consciousness: Clues from face recognition research. Brain and Cognition , 42, 37-40. Rapcsak, S.Z., Galper, S.R., Comer, J.F., Reminger, S.L., Nielsen, L., Kaszniak, A.W., Verfaellie, M., Laguna, J.F., Labiner, D.M. & Cohen, R.A. (2000). Fear recognition deficits after focal brain damage: A cautionary note. Neurology, 54, 575-581. Lane, R.D., Nadel, L., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2000). The future of emotion research from the perspective of cognitive neuroscience. In R. Lane, L. Nadel, G. Ahern, J. Allen, A. W. Kaszniak, S. Rapcsak, & G. E. Schwartz, (Eds.), Cognitive neuroscience of emotion. (pp. 407-410). New York: Oxford University Press. Lane, R.D., Nadel, L., Allen, J.J.B., & Kaszniak, A.W. (2000). The study of emotion from the perspective of cognitive neuroscience. In R. Lane, L. Nadel, G. Ahern, J. Allen, A. W. Kaszniak, S. Rapcsak, & G. E. Schwartz, (Eds.), Cognitive neuroscience of emotion. (pp. 3-11). New York: Oxford University Press.

Courses Taught: 

 Emotion: Current Research and Theory, Psychology 596f (Graduate seminar on current research and theory on emotion), Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, 2000, 2004. Stress and Emotion, Psychology 195A (Freshman Colloquium), Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, 2002. Clinical Neuropsychology Practicum 694d, 1987-2014. The Psychology of Empathy and Compassion: Scientific and Contemplative Perspectives, Psychology 496H (Honors Seminar), Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, 2010; 2013; 2015.


Principal Investigator, University of Arizona Subcontract (Eric Reiman, M.D., Project PI), “PET, APOE and the Preclinical Course of Alzheimer’s Disease,” July 1, 2007  – June 30, 2012, $45, 181 total subcontract costs, National Institute on Aging (9 RO1 AG 031581). Core Leader, Education and Information Core, Arizona Alzheimer’s Disease Core Center (Eric M. Reiman, M.D., P.I.), July. 1, 2006 – June 30, 2011, $418,341 total direct costs (for Education/Info. Transfer Core; $5,954,895 total direct costs for entire center grant), National Institute on Aging/ National Institutes of Health (2 P30 AG019610).

Areas of Study: 

 1.   Clinical Neuropsychology - Human Brain/Behavior Research, and Clinical Consultation. 2.   Neuropsychological Aspects of Aging/Clinical Geropsychology 3.   Neuropsychology/Psychophysiology of Emotion 4.   Psychology, Psychophysiology, and Neuroscience of Meditation

Disertation Title: 
Effects of Age and Cerebral Atrophy Upon Span of Immediate Recall and Paired-Associate Learning in Older Adults.