An educational psychologist is interested in how effective learning and teaching take place. Studies learning and teaching processes and develops principles/techniques meant to foster development. May consider various factors, such as human abilities, student motivation, and the effect that diversity has on the classroom. May conduct experiments to study motivation in learning, or the nature and causes of individual differences in mental abilities, as a way to promote differentiated educational procedures to meet individual student needs. Analyzes characteristics and needs of superior and inferior students and recommends program to promote maximum adjustment. Formulates tests to aid teachers in planning methods and content of instruction. Administers tests to diagnose disabilities and difficulties and to form special instructional methods. Studies teachers to gauge conditions that impact their optimal mental health. May help to develop curriculum content and methods of organizing and conducting classroom work. May specialize in educational measurement, school adjustment, school learning, or special education. Usually requires a doctorate degree.