A counseling psychologist helps individuals and groups accommodate to change or to make lifestyle changes. May provide vocational/career guidance, help students adjust to college, help people come to terms with the loss of loved ones, or help people to stop smoking or overeating. May work in private practice, college settings, schools, clinics, rehabilitation centers, or hospitals, to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment. May conduct tests to assess individual's intelligence, aptitude, and interests. Refers to or consults with other specialists when needed. Helps individuals to gain insight into personal problems, to define goals, and to plan action. Follows up on counseling to determine reliability and validity of the treatment used. May conduct research to improve diagnostic and counseling techniques. Employment or licensing as a counseling psychologist requires a doctorate degree. May be certified as a counselor with a master's degree.